Basics of Javascript Injection

JavaScript is a widely used technology within websites and web based applications. JavaScript can be used for all sorts of useful things and functions. But along with this comes some additional security issues that need to be thought of and tested for. JavaScript can be used not only for good purposes, but also for malicious purposes.JavaScript injection is a nifty little technique that allows you to alter a sites contents without actually leaving the site.This can be very usefull when say, you need to spoof the server by editing some form options.JavaScript injection is a fun technique that allows you to change a websites content without leaving the site, reloading the page, or saving the site to your desktop. It can be very useful when you need to change hidden data before you send it to the server. Let’s start with some basic injection techniques.

I. Injection Basics
JavaScript injections are run from the URL bar of the page you are visiting. To use them, you must first completly empty the URL from the URL bar. That means no "http://" or whatever.
JavaScript is run from the URL bar by using the javascript: protocol. In this tutorial I will only teach you the bare bones of using this, but if you are a JavaScript guru, you can expand on this using plain old JavaScript.
The two commands covered in this tutorial are the alert(); and void(); commands. These are pretty much all you will need in most situations. For your first JavaScript, you will make a simple window appear, first go to any website and then type the following into your URL bar:

javascript:alert(’Hello, World’);
You should get a little dialog box that says “Hello, World”. This will be altered later to have more practical uses.
You can also have more than one command run at the same time:
javascript:alert(’Hello’); alert(’World’);
This would pop up a box that said ‘Hello’ and than another that says ‘World’.

II. Cookie Editing
First off, check to see if the site you are visiting has set any cookies by using this script:
This will pop up any information stored in the sites cookies. To edit any information, we make use of the void(); command.
javascript:void(document.cookie=”Field = myValue”);
This command can either alter existing information or create entirely new values. Replace “Field” with either an existing field found using the alert(document.cookie); command, or insert your very own value. Then replace “myValue” with whatever you want the field to be. For example:
Would either make the field “authorized” or edit it to say “yes”… now whether or not this does anything of value depends on the site you are injecting it on.
It is also useful to tack an alert(document.cookie); at the end of the same line to see what effect your altering had.

III. Form Editing
Sometimes, to edit values sent to a given website through a form, you can simply download that html and edit it slightly to allow you to submit what you want. However, sometimes the website checks to see if you actually submitted it from the website you were supposed to. To get around this, we can just edit the form straight from javascript. Note: The changes are only temporary, so it’s no tuse trying to deface a site through javascript injection like this.
Every form on a given webpage (unless named otherwise) is stored in the forms[x] array… where “x” is the number, in order from top to bottom, of all the forms in a page. Note that the forms start at 0, so the first form on the page would actually be 0, and the second would be 1 and so on. Lets take this example:
<form action=”” method=”post”>
<input type=”hidden” name=”to” value=””>
Note:Since this is the first form on the page, it is forms[0]
Say this form was used to email, say vital server information to the admin of the website. You can’t just download the script and edit it because the submit.php page looks for a referer. You can check to see what value a certain form element has by using this script:
This is similar to the alert(document.cookie); discussed previously.
In this case, It would pop up an alert that says “”
So here’s how to Inject your email into it. You can use pretty much the same technique as the cookies editing shown earlier:
This would change the email of the form to be “”.
Then you could use the alert(); script shown above to check your work. Or you can couple both of these commands on one line.
That completes this post about JavaScript injection as you can see all kinds of fun things can be done with these techniques. Use your imagination and with a little work you can test your site and keep it secure from malicious hackers.

Posted by XERO . Thanks to NeoXdyne ,

1 comment:

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